Envis Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Friday, May 24, 2019

General Knowledge

 

Classification of Minerals:

 

  • Ferrous ---- Iron , chromite , nickel , magnesium
  • Non Ferrous ---Aluminium ,Copper , Brass , Silver ,Lead , Zinc, Tungusten
  • Precious Minerals -- Platnium , gold , silver
  • Non Mettalic Minerals -- Mica , asbestos
  • Fertilizer Minerals --- Gypsum , phosphate
  • Fuel Minerals ---- Coal , petroleum , natural gas
  • Nuclear Minerals -- Thorium , uranium , zirconium

 

 

Coal / Black Gold:

 

  • Production as per states top order ---
    1. Chhattisgarh (127.095 Million Tonnes)
    2. Jharkhand (113.014 Million tons)
    3. Odisha (112.917 Million tons)
    4. Madhya Pradesh (75.59 Million Tonnes)
    5. Andhra Pradesh (50.469 Million tons)
    6. Maharashtra (35 Million Tonnes)
    7. West Bengal (28.242 Million Tonnes)
    8. Uttar Pradesh (14.721 Million tons)
    9. Meghalaya (5.732 Million Tonnes)
    NOTE: Approx Values Given; (Source: http://www.trendingtopmost.com/)
  • First Coal Mine in India -- Raniganj Coalfield (West Bengal), 1774
    (Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raniganj_Coalfield)
  • Largest Coalfields in India (State-Wise) --
    1. Godavari Valley Coalfield (Telangana) covers an area of 1700 sq km (656.3737 sq mi)
    2. Korba Coalfield (Chattissgarh) covers an area of 530 sq km (200 sq mi)
    3. Talcher Coalfield (Odisha) covers an area of 500 sq km (190 sq mi)
    4. Jharia Coalfield (Jharkhand) covers an area of 280 sq km (110 sq mi)
    (Source: https://en.wikipedia.org)
  • Largest Open Cast Mine in India -- Gevra Open Cast Mine, Korba Coalfield (Chattissgarh)
    (Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korba_Coalfield)
  • Terrestrial coal -- NEVYALI --Tamilnadu , MACCOM-- Assam , BIKANER -- Rajasthan
  • Types of coal and form in pure --
    1. Pit coal - 20%
    2. Lignite coal - 40%
    3. Bitmus coal - 75%
    4. Anthrcite coal - 90%

 

 

Crude Oil, Petroleum or Rock Oil:

 

  • Crude Oil Top Producers ----
    Country Thousand barrels per day
    United States 12,343
    Saudi Arabia 11,702
    Russia 10,764
    China 4,459
    Canada 4,074
    UAE 3,441
    Iran 3,192
    Iraq 3,058
    Mexico 2,908
    Kuwait 2,812
    Brazil 2,694
    Venezuela 2,689
    Nigeria 2,372
    Qatar 2,067
    Angola 1,889
    (Source: http://www.infoplease.com/science/energy/top-producers-consumers.html)
  • Crude Oil Top Consumers ----
    Country Thousand barrels per day
    United States 18,961
    China 10,303
    Japan 4,531
    Russia 3,515
    India 3,509
    Brazil 2,998
    Saudi Arabia 2,968
    Canada 2,431
    Germany 2,403
    South Korea 2,324
    Mexico 2,044
    Iran 1,870
    France 1,767
    Indonesia 1,635
    United Kingdom 1,508
    (Source: http://www.infoplease.com/science/energy/top-producers-consumers.html)
  • List of World's largest refineries ---
    World's largest refineries World's largest refineries/b> Barrels per day
    Jamnagar Refinery (Reliance Industries Ltd.) Gujarat, India 1,240,000
    Paraguana Refinery Complex (PDVSA) Punto Fijo, Falcón, Venezuela 940,000
    SK Energy Ulsan Refinery (SK Energy) Ulsan, South Korea 850,000
    Ruwais Refinery (Abu Dhabi Oil Refining Company) Ruwais, UAE 817,000
    Yeosu Refinery (GS Caltex) Yeosu, South Jeolla, South Korea 730,000
    Onsan Refinery (S-Oil) Ulsan, South Korea 669,000
    Port Arthur Refinery (Motiva Enterprises) Port Arthur, Texas, United States 600,250
    Singapore Refinery {ExxonMobil} Jurong Island, Singapore 592,000
    Baytown Refinery (ExxonMobil) Baytown, Texas, United States 560,500
    Ras Tanura Refinery (Saudi Aramco) Ras Tanura, Saudi Arabia 550,000
    Garyville Refinery (Marathon Petroleum) Garyville, Louisiana, United States 539,000
    Baton Rouge Refinery (ExxonMobil) Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States 502,500
    Galveston Bay Refinery (Marathon Petroleum) Texas City, TX, United States 459,000
    Abadan Refinery (NIOC) Abadan, Iran 450,000
    Corinth Refinery (Motor Oil Hellas) Corinth, Greece 385,000
    (Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_oil_refineries)
  • Oil Wells in India ---
    1. India first oil wells -- Digboi, Assam, 1890
      (Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_oil_industry_in_India)
    2. Gujarat – Cambay , Kutch | Essar Refinery, Gujarat Refinery, Jamnagar Refinery
    3. Assam – Upper Assam, Amguri | Bongaigaon Refinery, Digboi Refinery, uwahati Refinery
    4. Rajasthan -Jodhpur, Barmer, Jaisalmer, Bikaner, Naguar
    5. Andhra Pradesh - Krishna Godawari Basin | Vizag Refinery
    6. Tamil Nadu – Cauvery Basin | Chennai Petroleum Corporation Limited
    7. Odisha – Mahanadi Basin
    8. Maharastra – Mumbai Offshore | Mumbai Refinery, Mumbai Refinery Mahaul
    9. Arunachal Pradesh – Kharsang Oil Field
    10. Madhya Pradesh – Sohagpur
    11. Jharkhand – Jharia, Bokaro
    12. West Bengal – Ranigunj | Haldia Refinery
    13. BiharBarauni Refinery
    14. KerlaKochi Refineries Ltd (KRL) Refinery
    15. KarnatakaMangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited
    16. Uttar PradeshMathura Refinery
    17. HaryanaPanipat Refinery
    18. (Source: http://www.gktoday.in/blog/oil-production-and-trade-in-india/)